Activities in the West to Free Lithuania 1940–1975

Juozas Banionis
Activities in the West to Free Lithuania 1940–1975
Published:
2010
ISBN:
9786098037036
Number of pages:
492
Dimensions:
130 mm x 200 mm
Cover:
Hardback
Publisher:
Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras

The publication covers the campaign in the West for the liberation of Lithuania, which began soon after the Soviet occupation of Lithuania in 1940 and grew into the Movement for the Liberation of Lithuania, which was active throughout the period of occupation. The liberation of Lithuania is shown through the activities of the Lithuanian organisations abroad (Lithuanian American Council [LAC], Chief Committee for the Liberation of Lithuania [VLIK], Lithuanian Freedom Committee [LLK], and Lithuanian World Community [PLB]). The joint and individual contributions of each of the organisations in expressing the main and unchangeable objective of the Lithuanian people to re-establish a free and independent Lithuania is shown. The Lithuanian struggle in the West for freedom is followed until 1975, when the European Conference on Security and Cooperation took place and the final Helsinki Act was signed, which was a sign of a change in the international situation.

Excerpt

In the 1940s, at the onset of the Soviet occupation of Lithuania and other Baltic States, the old Lithuanian émigré community in the USA was the first in the West to defend Lithuania’s independence and freedom. The Lithuanian American Council (LAC, lith. ALT), after the assurance received from the USA President F. D. Roosevelt that “Lithuania’s independence has been just temporarily suspended”, was the first to rally around Lithuania’s liberation action. Its predecessor was the Council to Aid Lithuania (CAL, lith. LGT), established on August 10, 1940, in Pittsburgh, on the proposal by the most important Lithuanian political organization – the Roman Catholic Federation of Lithuanian Americans. Thus the CAL became the first organization in Lithuania’s resistance struggle against the Soviet occupation. Later its ranks were replenished with new forces. After the main political trends – Catholics, sandariečiai (equivalent to the present-day centrists), socialists and tautininkai (nationalis

...

In the 1940s, at the onset of the Soviet occupation of Lithuania and other Baltic States, the old Lithuanian émigré community in the USA was the first in the West to defend Lithuania’s independence and freedom. The Lithuanian American Council (LAC, lith. ALT), after the assurance received from the USA President F. D. Roosevelt that “Lithuania’s independence has been just temporarily suspended”, was the first to rally around Lithuania’s liberation action. Its predecessor was the Council to Aid Lithuania (CAL, lith. LGT), established on August 10, 1940, in Pittsburgh, on the proposal by the most important Lithuanian political organization – the Roman Catholic Federation of Lithuanian Americans. Thus the CAL became the first organization in Lithuania’s resistance struggle against the Soviet occupation. Later its ranks were replenished with new forces. After the main political trends – Catholics, sandariečiai (equivalent to the present-day centrists), socialists and tautininkai (nationalists) (the latter, disapproving the approach to independent Lithuania’s system after 1926, seceded in 1941–1947 and established the Lithuanian American Mission, lith. ALM) – were rallied, on May 15, 1941 the Lithuanian American Council was formed. Continuing the activity of the CAL, it declared to fight for the reestablishment of Lithuania “as an independent democratic state within the limits belonging to it.” The key task of the LAC was to coordinate Lithuania’s liberation activity in the democratic countries in the West. The first Lithuanian American Congress, which was held on September 2–3, 1943, outlined guidelines for further activities of the LAC: to organize relief to those who had suffered in the war and to seek that the principles of the Atlantic Charter were applied to Lithuania. To attain those goals, the United Lithuanian Relief Fund of America (lith. BALF) was set up on March 25, 1944 and was concerned only with relief activities. With the purpose of further formation of a favourable opinion of the USA Government and the public on Lithuania’s liberation, the Lithuanian American Information Center (LAIC) was established on June 1, 1944.

Publisher

Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras

Didžioji g. 17/1, 01128 Vilnius
Tel.: (8 5) 279 1038
Fax.: (8 5) 279 1033
Email: leidyba@genocid.lt

Rights

Teresė Birutė Burauskaitė

Tel.: +370 65210033
Email: birute.burauskaite@genocid.lt