Forced mobilization into the Red Army

Vytautas Tininis
Forced mobilization into the Red Army
Published:
2014
ISBN:
9786098037364
Number of pages:
312
Dimensions:
165 mm x 240 mm
Publisher:
Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras

The monograph issue forced Lithuanian population use the Soviet armed forces at the end of the Second World War in 1944-1945. and then to 1950. In order to determine the effects of forced mobilization of Lithuanian people, mainly on the basis of archival sources, reveals the mobilization and organization of the course, its main promoters and organizers of peaceful evading to serve in the Red Army and the men who had deserted from the massacre, repression, Mobilized situation in military units, legalization and others.

Excerpt

Forced mobilisation of men to the Soviet Army between August 1944 and May 1945 became an integral part of the Soviet terror against the Lithuanian population. Remembering events of 1940–1941, Lithuanian society treated the Soviet Union as an occupant, therefore the majority of men who were called up to the army were reluctant to enlist at military registration and enlistment offices. The attitude of the population towards mobilisation, which manifested in evasion of military service and hiding, was determined by the negative attitude of the Lithuanian nation towards foreign troops formed as early as the Nazi occupation. Nobody wanted to sacrifice their life or health for the interests of a foreign state. Lithuanians thought that they would avoid mobilisation as they had managed to do so under the Nazi occupation.
The Soviet Union considered Lithuania as an integral part of the Soviet empire, therefore, it treated conscription to the Red Army as a lawful action. By starting conscription

...

Forced mobilisation of men to the Soviet Army between August 1944 and May 1945 became an integral part of the Soviet terror against the Lithuanian population. Remembering events of 1940–1941, Lithuanian society treated the Soviet Union as an occupant, therefore the majority of men who were called up to the army were reluctant to enlist at military registration and enlistment offices. The attitude of the population towards mobilisation, which manifested in evasion of military service and hiding, was determined by the negative attitude of the Lithuanian nation towards foreign troops formed as early as the Nazi occupation. Nobody wanted to sacrifice their life or health for the interests of a foreign state. Lithuanians thought that they would avoid mobilisation as they had managed to do so under the Nazi occupation.
The Soviet Union considered Lithuania as an integral part of the Soviet empire, therefore, it treated conscription to the Red Army as a lawful action. By starting conscription of Lithuanian men into its army in the second half of 1944, the Soviet Union violated provisions of the international law entrenched in the 1907 Hague Convention (IV) Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, which prohibits the conscription of people of an occupied country to the occupational army or otherwise using them for military purposes. Annex III Article 4 of the Convention indicates that this document shall remain “in force as between the Powers which signed it, and which do not also ratify” the Convention. Article 45 of the Convention stipulates that “It is forbidden to compel the inhabitants of an occupied territory to swear allegiance to the hostile Power”.

Publisher

Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras

Didžioji g. 17/1, 01128 Vilnius
Tel.: (8 5) 279 1038
Fax.: (8 5) 279 1033
Email: leidyba@genocid.lt

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Email: birute.burauskaite@genocid.lt