The Soviet totalitarian regime aimed at total control and obedience of society, the USSR internal and foreign policy objectives were based on the Communist ideology, and emphasis on coercion and surveillance in implementing these objectives determined the principles, objectives, functions and methods of the Soviet secret service. The Communist Party ensured the KGB’s institutional autonomy, privileged and exclusive position, and accountability to top party authorities. The objectives of the party based on the Communist ideology determined the task of the KGB in combating resistance fighters, ideological indoctrination and censorship, which subsequently affected the functions of intelligence and counter-intelligence and determined the Chekist hatred towards and suspicion of the West and free thinking. This also formed a psychological portrait of a Chekist, his values and world view, which were characterised by negativity, hostility, conflicts, and a lack of compromise in assessing and t...
LSSR KGB Ideology, Politics and Practices. 1954–1990
Number of pages: 263
Dimensions: 165 mm x 240 mm
Publisher: Lietuvos gyventojų genocido ir rezistencijos tyrimo centras
The publication presents the key features of the Soviet security activities, areas of activity, provides the most striking examples of the KGB methods and discusses what these measures were aimed at. Much attention is paid to the persecution of dissenters. An overview is strictly regulated by the presence of foreigners Lithuania arrangements disclosed where foreigners were allowed to visit Lithuania, what secret measures against foreign tourists and emigrants applied Soviet security. This book should contribute to a more in depth the Soviet secret service and its operations for political, ideological assumptions and crimes against the anti-Soviet resistance fighters, comprehension and analysis
The brutal Soviet occupation and annexation led to unlawful activities of both the CPL and the LSSR KGB in Lithuania in 1940–1991 and created premises for persecution and repression of statehood supporters/participants of anti-Soviet resistance by the KGB and its other crimes. Thus, unlawful and criminal activities of the KGB were determined by the fact of the occupation of Lithuania. Although the main aims of the Soviet security did not change during the entire period of Soviet occupation, in the periods 1940–1953, 1954–1990, and even 1990–1991, its activities, methods and priorities were different due to the transformation that the Soviet regime was undergoing at the time.