The industrial architecture from the First Independent Republic of Lithuania (1918–1940) is at the core of this publication, exposing aspects of industrialisation and modernisation. It’s all evident in the changing landscapes, cities that were establishing new industrial structures and facing problems that came with it, also in the peculiarities of industrial buildings and the personalities responsible for them. Over 300 historic illustrations are included to add to the texts. Marija Drėmaitė holds a PhD in History of Architecture and is an Associate professor at Vilnius University, Faculty of History. Her academic interest is focused on the 20th century architecture, modernism, both industrial and architectural heritage.